I was born in a small city near the East Sea, when the Great Cultural Revolution began. My name is Little Green, my country Zhong Guo, the Middle Kingdom. When I was ten years old, our leader had died and the revolution ended. And this is how I remember it. When Chun Yu was born in a small city in China, she was born into a country in revolution. The streets were filled with roaming Red Guards, the walls were covered with slogans, and reeducation meetings were held in all workplaces. Every family faced danger and humiliation, even the youngest children. Shortly after Chun's birth, her beloved father was sent to a peasant village in the countryside to be reeducated in the ways of Chairman Mao. Chun and her brother stayed behind with their mother, who taught in a country middle school where Mao's Little Red Book was a part of every child's education. Chun Yu's young life was witness to a country in turmoil, struggle, and revolution -- the only life she knew. This first-person memoir of a child's view of the Chinese Cultural Revolution is a stunning account of a country in crisis and a testimony to the spirit of the individual -- no matter how young or how innocent.
Little Green is the fascinating memoir of a young girl growing up during China’s Cultural Revolution, which took place between the years 1966 and 1976. Written in free verse, this poetic text highlights the impact of Chairman Mao’s policies on Little Green, her parents, grandparents, brother, and sister. Family life is disrupted when Little Green’s father is sent to the countryside to be reeducated, where he now has to live and work with peasant farmers. Meanwhile, Little Green’s mother is accused of having counterrevolutionary motives. Throughout these difficult ten years, Little Green experiences many changes, some of which she understands better than others. “Mama will explain things when you grow up,” she is told.
Because the book is a mix of personal experience and historical information, it invites multiple reader responses. Readers will respond to the strong feelings among members of Little Green’s family and their many acts of love for one another. Readers will also be able to envision past events because of the vivid descriptions of sights and sounds and the use of figurative language. In addition to evoking personal responses, the book also provides information about historical events. This information should prompt questions about these events: What happened? Why? What is important to know about these events?
Students can learn more about the Cultural Revolution in China by consulting the resources listed below. This list consists of additional memoirs, websites about the Cultural Revolution, and websites about the leader of the Revolution, Mao Zedong. In effect, Little Green opens the door to learning about how people’s lives are impacted by the times in which they live.
Little Green is divided into six sections, each showing how the Cultural Revolution in China affected Little Green and her family over time. As you discuss each section, think about how the unfolding events changed her life and those of others.
1. In the first verse titled “Beginning” we learn that in 1966, the year Little Green was born, “a revolution was in the making.” What changes took place in China during the Great Cultural Revolution that affected Little Green and her family? Find evidence throughout the book for changes in the following: • Attitude towards the countryside • Schooling • Loyalty • Chairman Mao • Wealth • Family background
2. This section describes how Little Green’s birth coincided with the beginning of the Cultural Revolution. Changes came quickly. Discuss the following changes: a. How teachers were treated at Mama’s school. b. Chairman Mao’s attitude towards city life and country life. c. “Down with” practices
The Country 3. Little Green notices that even in the country, people’s lives are changing because of the Cultural Revolution. Discuss how each of these people’s lives were changed: a. Mama b. The children living at the school where Mama taught c. Uncle Xie d. Nainai, Little Green’s grandma e. Baba, Little Green’s father
4. Several of the poems in this section describe the beauty of the countryside. (See, for example, “The River, Riverbank, and Graveyard”; “the Lotus Pond”; and “Snowy Night.” What words and phrases does the author use to help you visualize these places?
5. What does the confrontation between Mama and Comrade Li (“On the Bridge to Mama’s School”) show about Mama’s character?
The Country School Theater 6. How did the country school theater productions reflect the ideas of the Cultural Revolution?
7. How did the theater productions include the childlike thoughts and actions of Little Green and her brother Gege?
Nainai’s Stories and Other Stories 8. After rereading the story “Walking on Thin Ice,” discuss what happened to Little Green and how she was rescued.
9. Little Green’s father said, “Life is like walking on thin ice.” Do you agree?
City and School 10. Even though there were many efforts at school and in the city to pursue the goals of the Cultural Revolution, these efforts were not completely successful. Discuss how the policies listed below were not completely successful: a. Teaching Chairman Mao’s political theory (See “Political Classes for an Eight-Year-Old”) b. Confiscating children’s books from before the Cultural Revolution (See “A Story About the Forest”) c. Celebrating holidays in a new way (See “Qing Ming”) d. Learning from peasants (See “Learning from Farmers”)
Why do you think these efforts weren’t completely successful?
Between the Country and the City 11. How does Little Green feel when she hears about Chairman Mao’s death?
12. What is important to remember about Little Green’s experience growing up during the Cultural Revolution?
13. In the Epilogue to the book, we learn that the era of the Cultural Revolution is now referred to as the “Ten Years of Great Calamity.” What is a calamity? What evidence is there that the Cultural Revolution was a calamity? Follow these steps to investigate: • Using a dictionary, investigate and discuss the meaning of calamity. Then fill in a vocabulary word map, using the format on the Reading Quest website at www.readingquest.org. [Click on “Strategies” and scroll down to Vocabulary Map and click on “print map v.2.”] • Fill in the web below by providing examples of events and policies that contributed to the Ten Years of Calamity. Share your thoughts with your classmates.
14. What questions do you have about the Cultural Revolution? Use these questions as the basis for further research.
Guide written by Myra Zarnowski, a professor in the Department of Elementary and Early Childhood Education at Queens College, CUNY.
This guide has been provided by Simon & Schuster for classroom, library, and reading
Chun Yu was born in China in May 1966. After graduating from Peking University, she moved to the United States to pursue her PhD and a career in science. She now works as a principal scientist in a medical company Chun Yu lives in San Rafael, California.
"Little Green is a miracle-such beauty emerging from the chaos of the Cultural Revolution. A clear-eyed child is born into a surrealistic China, and tells her story. Chun Yu's poetry creates sense and order that readers young and old, Eastern and Western, will appreciate." -Maxine Hong Kingston