A ground-breaking study of ceremonial stone landscapes in Northeast America and their relationship to other sites around the world
• Features a comprehensive field guide to hundreds of megalithic stone structures in northeastern America, including cairns, perched boulders, and effigies
• Details the Wall of Manitou, the Hammonasset Line, landscape astronomy along the Hudson River, and a several-acre area in Woodstock, NY, with large, carefully constructed lithic formations
• Analyzes the archaeoastronomy, archaeoacoustics, and symbolism of these sites to reveal their relationships to other ceremonial stone sites across America and the world
Presenting a comprehensive field guide to hundreds of lost, forgotten, and misidentified megalithic stone structures in northeastern America, Glenn Kreisberg documents many enigmatic formations still standing across the Catskill Mountain and Hudson Valley region, complete with functioning solstice and equinox alignments.
Kreisberg provides a first-person description of the “Wall of the Manitou,” which runs for 10 miles along the eastern slopes of the Catskill Mountains, as well as narratives about related sites that include animal effigies, reproductive organs, calendar stones, enigmatic inscriptions, and evidence of alignments. Using computer software, he plots the trajectory of the Hammonasset Line, which begins at a burial complex near the tip of Long Island and runs to Devil’s Tombstone in Greene County, New York. He shows how the line runs at the same angle that marks the summer solstice sunset from Montauk Point on Long Island, and, when extended, intersects the ancient copper mines of Isle Royal in Upper Michigan. He documents a several-acre area on Overlook Mountain in Woodstock, New York, with a grouping of very large, carefully constructed lithic formations that together create a serpent or snake figure, mirroring the constellation Draco. He demonstrates how this site is related to the Serpent Mount in Ohio and Ankor Wat in Cambodia and reveals how all of the vast, interlocking sites in the Northeast were part of an ancient spiritual landscape based on a sophisticated understanding of the cosmos, as practiced by ancient Native Americans.
While modern historians consider these sites to be colonial era constructions, Kreisberg reveals how they were used to communicate with the spirit world and may be remnants of a long-vanished civilization.
In Putnam County, New York, there are hundreds of mysterious stone chambers. These megalithic structures have entrances aligned to the winter solstice sunrise, and many are said to resemble an eye and to have a Celtic/Monastic influence. Many hundreds of such chambers exist in the Dutchess, Putnam, and Westchester county region of the Hudson Valley. Official explanations for the chambers range from colonial root cellars to ice houses or livestock pens. And, true enough, some or all may have been used for such purposes over the course of their existence. But it is interesting to note that nearly all early colonial land deeds and surveys include descriptions and references to these preexisting constructions. If this construction is not originally from the colonial period, then the story becomes more intriguing.
Because of their mysterious nature, the stone chambers of the Hudson Valley have been the subject of investigation by a number of researchers over many years. Through the research of authors John Burke and Phillip Imbrogno it has been discovered that many chamber sites are associated with electromagnetic hotspots or are located in areas that show an increase or spike in the power density of the earth’s electromagnetic field strength.
Burke’s groundbreaking work shows that a control group of maze seed placed in indigenously or traditionally identified electromagnetic “hot spots,” including Native American chamber locations, produced far more robust yields than “unexposed” control seed groups left in his lab.
One can’t help wonder how these electromagnetic hot spots were originally identified by the chamber and mound builders. Was it an act of divination? Were “sensitive” individuals employed to locate energy sources (think spirits) through divination or dowsing? . . .
Another theory suggests that those who built and used some of these structures were purposefully trying to manifest good energy by stripping negative ions from hydrogen electrons in water molecules? This process is known to occur by the act of water running over the surface of certain stones (bluestone for instance) and through constrictions in rock, natural or manmade. Releasing negative ions, which tend to rise to the highest place on the landscape, is known to assist in attaining and enhancing a heightened or enlightened mental state.
Concerning the EM hot spots, it is interesting to speculate: Do ley lines or unseen energy meridians connect such locations, creating an earth grid or energy pattern across the earth’s surface? Can the energy be focused or directed by construction of a particular configuration or ifbuilt of specific, energy conducting materials? Does the shape of mounds, standing stones, or henges help direct the flow of this energy field and account for certain architectural designs and configurations at ancient sites? Does this help account for Feng Shui and similar principles from the East? Is this the geomagnetic energy field that birds and butterflies tune into in order to navigate while migrating great distances? No one claims to know for sure but in my article “Electromagnetism and the Ancients” I state that electromagnetism is the single common denominator of everything in nature, of everything that exists in the universe. And that perhaps the EM spectrum--that naturally occurring, continuous band of energy ordered and organized by frequency and wavelength--is the single medium on which all of existence is recorded.
It becomes even more intriguing when we note that many megalithic sacred sites such as Stonehenge, Avebury, Callanish, and many others have long stone rows and circles in which, it’s recently been determined, the magnetic polarity of each set of standing stones--its north/south axis, if you will--is lined up in the same direction. The result would be a configuration that would accelerate energy particles (protons, electrons, etc.) along its path, not unlike a modern high-tech particle accelerator. The LHC (Large Hadron Collider) in Switzerland is one example. This new super collider is searching to solve the greatest questions in physics--the energy/matter transfer question--by locating the so-called “God Particle.” Just like today, ancient people must have wondered what the folks building these structures were trying to accomplish. Were they attempting to release the Earth’s own energy, to tap into the innate energy field of our living planet, of our living universe, to access its beneficial properties?
Maybe these stone chambers served multiple purposes. Certainly they provided shelter from the extreme cold of winter. But perhaps they were also an astronomical observatory by which the dates of the solstices and equinox were determined and monitored. It seems only logical that a structure used only a few days of the year for astronomical purposes would serve multiple practical purposes at other times, for storage, shelter, and perhaps a place where crop seeds could be treated, blessed by the powers of the unseen world, in a way that produced increased crop yields.
Ever since sites like these were discovered there has been an unresolved debate for archaeologists and the general public alike regarding their function and purpose. The three main theories regarding the cairns’ origins or purpose are that they may be part of land surveying or subdivisions; that they are a part of agriculture-related land clearing for farming or grazing; or that that they are some sort of symbolic monument. There are, however, flaws within the land surveying and agriculture theories, and to claim that they are symbolic monuments seems too much of a default solution. As a real reason for them has yet to be given, we will look beyond any single site to show that many are inherently aligned to celestial events and geographical elements,and that the ancient Neolithic builders may have used these sites as a link or connection between them, their home, village or territory, and the powers and motions of the universe.
Glenn Kreisberg is an author, outdoor guide, and radio engineer, who researches archaeoastronomy and landscape archaeology in the Hudson Valley and Catskill Mountains of New York. His books include Mysteries of the Ancient Past, Lost Knowledge of the Ancients, and Spirits in Stone. He served two terms as vice president of the New England Antiquities Research Association (NEARA) and studied archaeoastronomy at SUNY and archaeoacoustics on Malta. He is co-founder of the non-profit Overlook Mountain Center (www.overlookmountain.org) in Woodstock, NY, where he lives with his wife and two teenage children.
“The Northeast has been totally and inappropriately marginalized by the mainstream. Kreisberg’s work shows the Northeast is right up there with the Southwest, Midwest, Effigy Mounds, Lower Mississippi Valley, and other traditions in terms of archaeoastronomical alignments, sensitivity to landscape features, and cosmological understandings.”
– William Romain, author of An Archaeology of the Sacred
“Archaeoastronomy does not have to be incredibly difficult. In fact it can be fun! Guided by Glenn Kreisberg’s aptly titled Spirits in Stone, even the untrained reader can share in the excitement of discovery experienced by some of the foremost explorers of Native American and pre-Columbian stone structures in the Northeast. This is a clear, easy-to-follow introduction to a field that was once shrouded in secrecy and clouded by conflicting opinions. Many readers will be shocked by their own proximity to ancient cultures as they turn these pages. I truly recommend this book, especially to young explorers who sense that the old history books are wrong but don’t know where to begin. Begin here!”
– Evan T. Pritchard, director of the Center for Algonquin Culture
“Kreisberg’s work will contribute greatly to demonstrating the fact that not only did Native Americans construct impressive stone structures throughout the eastern United States but that these sites are sacred and an integral part of their cultural traditions and should be protected!”
– Harry Holstein, professor of archaeology at Jacksonville State University, Alabama
“Reading Glenn Kreisberg’s deeply and thoughtfully researched book, I can hear Joseph Campbell intoning the words of Hermes Trismegistus, from the Emerald Tablet, ‘As Above, so Below!’ If you want to understand the truths of prehistory, look for the writings of the heavens on the earth. Spirits in Stone shows us how very substantial the insubstantial lore of mythology can be, in the very caves and megalithic sites of northeastern America. The ground we walk on is hallowed ground!”
– Stephen Larsen, Ph.D., director of the Stone Mountain Counseling Center
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