Popular history biography of one of the great figures in modern Polish history in the 100th anniversary year of their rebirth
Józef Pilsudski (1868-1935) is the heroic and controversial leader of the reconstituted Poland that emerged out of World War I. Although he never held an elected office he placed his personal stamp on the development of the Pre-War Polish Republic. In some ways he was a visionary for the era (A Federation of Eastern States, free education, woman’s suffrage) he also was responsible for a dominant military presence and a coup against the elected government.
Professor Lenkiewicz examines the legacy of “The Marshal” in Polish and world history. This is a translation from Polish based on his research collected over many years.
Antoni Lenkiewicz (born October 25, 1934 in Ostroleka) - Polish historian, lawyer, publicist, activist of the anti-communist opposition. In 1963 he graduated from the Faculty of History and the Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Wroclaw. In 1970 he obtained a doctoral degree. From 1963, he worked in the socialized enterprises. In the years 1952-1956 he was imprisoned for belonging to the Polish Fighting Scouts Union. In the 1970s, he cooperated with the Human Rights and Citizens' Defense Movement and the Student Solidarity Committee and published in magazines that appeared outside of censorship. In 1980 he co-organized NSZZ "Solidarnosc" in Wroclaw. He was the head of legal advisors of the union in Lower Silesia. Then he became a collaborator of "Tygodnik Solidarnosc". From December 13, 1981 to December 23, 1982, he was interned and then deprived of his job. November 11, 1985 after the lecture at the church of St. Charles Borromeo in Wroclaw was kidnapped by civilian officers of the SB and was sentenced to the penalty of one-year imprisonment for calling for civil unrest. He spent 9 months in prison. He was active in the Confederation of Independent Poland and in Fighting Solidarity. In the 1990-1994 term, he was a counselor and chairman of the Audit Committee of the City Council of Wroclaw. He presented his socio-political experience from that period in the book, a parade on the Municipality of Wroclaw. Then he was the editor-in-chief of "Wroclawska Gazeta Polska". He was one of the first people to apply for compensation for the period of internment under martial law. In January 2008, the court awarded him 23 thousand zlotys of redress.