Leviathan

Illustrated by Keith Thompson
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About The Book

It is the cusp of World War I. The Austro-Hungarians and Germans have their Clankers, steam-driven iron machines loaded with guns and ammunition. The British Darwinists employ genetically fabricated animals as their weaponry. Their Leviathan is a whale airship, and the most masterful beast in the British fleet.

Aleksandar Ferdinand, a Clanker, and Deryn Sharp, a Darwinist, are on opposite sides of the war. But their paths cross in the most unexpected way, taking them both aboard the Leviathan on a fantastical, around-the-world adventure….One that will change both their lives forever.

Excerpt

Leviathan ONE
The Austrian horses glinted in the moonlight, their riders standing tall in the saddle, swords raised. Behind them two ranks of diesel-powered walking machines stood ready to fire, cannon aimed over the heads of the cavalry. A zeppelin scouted no-man’s-land at the center of the battlefield, its metal skin sparkling.

The French and British infantry crouched behind their fortifications—a letter opener, an ink jar, and a line of fountain pens—knowing they stood no chance against the might of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. But a row of Darwinist monsters loomed behind them, ready to devour any who dared retreat.

The attack had almost begun when Prince Aleksandar thought he heard someone outside his door… .

He took a guilty step toward his bed—then froze in place, listening hard. Trees stirred in a soft breeze outside, but otherwise the night was silent. Mother and Father were in Sarajevo, after all. The servants wouldn’t dare disturb his sleep.



Alek turned back to his desk and began to move the cavalry forward, grinning as the battle neared its climax. The Austrian walkers had completed their bombardment, and it was time for the tin horses to finish off the woefully outnumbered French. It had taken all night to set up the attack, using an imperial tactics manual borrowed from Father’s study.

It seemed only fair that Alek have some fun while his parents were off watching military maneuvers. He’d begged to be taken along, to see the mustered ranks of soldiers striding past in real life, to feel the rumble of massed fighting machines through the soles of his boots.

It was Mother, of course, who had forbidden it—his studies were more important than “parades,” as she called them. She didn’t understand that military exercises had more to teach him than musty old tutors and their books. One day soon Alek might be piloting one of those machines.

War was coming, after all. Everyone said so.

The last tin cavalry unit had just crashed into the French lines when the soft sound came from the hallway again: jingling, like a ring of keys.

Alek turned, peering at the gap beneath his bed chamber’s double doors. Shadows shifted along the sliver of moonlight, and he heard the hiss of whispers.

Someone was right outside.

Silent in bare feet, he swiftly crossed the cold marble floor, sliding into bed just as the door creaked open. Alek narrowed his eyes to a slit, wondering which of the servants was checking on him.

Moonlight spilled into the room, making the tin soldiers on his desk glitter. Someone slipped inside, graceful and dead silent. The figure paused, staring at Alek for a moment, then crept toward his dresser. Alek heard the wooden rasp of a drawer sliding open.

His heart raced. None of the servants would dare steal from him!

But what if the intruder were something worse than a thief? His father’s warnings echoed in his ears… .

You have had enemies from the day you were born.

A bell cord hung next to his bed, but his parents’ rooms were empty. With Father and his bodyguard in Sarajevo, the closest sentries were quartered at the other end of the trophy hall, fifty meters away.

Alek slid one hand under his pillow, until his fingers touched the cold steel of his hunting knife. He lay there holding his breath, grasping the handle tightly, repeating to himself his father’s other watchword.

Surprise is more valuable than strength.

Another figure came through the door then, boots clomping, a piloting jacket’s metal clips jingling like keys on a ring. The figure tromped straight toward his bed.

“Young master! Wake up!”

Alek let go of the knife, expelling a sigh of relief. It was just old Otto Klopp, his master of mechaniks.

The first figure began rifling through the dresser, pulling at clothes.

“The young prince has been awake all along,” Wildcount Volger’s low voice said. “A bit of advice, Your Highness? When pretending to be asleep, it is advisable not to hold one’s breath.”

Alek sat up and scowled. His fencing master had an annoying knack for seeing through deception.

“What’s the meaning of this?”

“You’re to come with us, young master,” Otto mumbled, studying the marble floor. “The archduke’s orders.”

“My father? He’s back already?”

“He left instructions,” Count Volger said with the same infuriating tone he used during fencing lessons. He tossed a pair of Alek’s trousers and a piloting jacket onto the bed.

Alek stared at them, half outraged and half confused.

“Like young Mozart,” Otto said softly. “In the arch-duke’s stories.”

Alek frowned, remembering Father’s favorite tales about the great composer’s upbringing. Supposedly Mozart’s tutors would wake him in the middle of the night, when his mind was raw and defenseless, and thrust musical lessons upon him. It all sounded rather disrespectful to Alek.

He reached for the trousers. “You’re going to make me compose a fugue?”

“An amusing thought,” Count Volger said. “But please make haste.”

“We have a walker waiting behind the stables, young master.” Otto’s worried face made an attempt at a smile. “You’re to take the helm.”

“A walker?” Alek’s eyes widened. Piloting was one part of his studies he’d gladly get out of bed for. He slipped quickly into the clothes.

“Yes, your first night lesson!” Otto said, handing Alek his boots.

Alek pulled them on and stood, then fetched his favorite pilot’s gloves from the dresser, his footsteps echoing on the marble floor.

“Quietly now.” Count Volger stood by the chamber doors. He cracked them and peered out into the hall.

“We’re to sneak out, Your Highness!” Otto whispered. “Good fun, this lesson! Just like young Mozart!”



The three of them crept down the trophy hall, Master Klopp still clomping, Volger gliding along in silence. Paintings of Alek’s ancestors, the family who had ruled Austria for six hundred years, lined the hallway, their subjects staring down with unreadable expressions. The antlers of his father’s hunting trophies cast tangled shadows, like a moonlit forest. Every footstep was magnified by the stillness of the castle, and questions echoed in Alek’s mind.

Wasn’t it dangerous, piloting a walker at night? And why was his fencing master coming along? Count Volger preferred swords and horses over soulless mechaniks, and had little tolerance for commoners like old Otto. Master Klopp had been hired for his piloting skills, not his family name.

“Volger …,” Alek began.

Quiet, boy!” the wildcount spat.

Anger flashed inside Alek, and a curse almost burst from his mouth, even if it ruined their stupid game of sneaking out.

It was always like this. To the servants he might be “the young archduke,” but nobles like Volger never let Alek forget his position. Thanks to his mother’s common blood, he wasn’t fit to inherit royal lands and titles. His father might be heir to an empire of fifty million souls, but Alek was heir to nothing.

Volger himself was only a wildcount—no farmlands to his name, just a bit of forest—but even he could feel superior to the son of a lady-in-waiting.

Alek managed to stay quiet, though, letting his anger cool as they stole through the vast and darkened banquet kitchens. Years of insults had taught him how to bite his tongue, and disrespect was easier to swallow with the prospect of piloting ahead.

One day he would have his revenge. Father had promised. The marriage contract would be changed somehow, and Alek’s blood made royal.

Even if it meant defying the emperor himself.

Leviathan TWO
By the time they reached the stables, Alek’s only concern was tripping in the darkness. The moon was less than half full, and the estate’s hunting forests stretched like a black sea across the valley. At this hour even the lights of Prague had died out to a mere inkling.

When Alek saw the walker, a soft cry escaped his lips.

It stood taller than the stable’s roof, its two metal feet sunk deep into the soil of the riding paddock. It looked like one of the Darwinist monsters skulking in the darkness.

This wasn’t some training machine—it was a real engine of war, a Cyklop Stormwalker. A cannon was mounted in its belly, and the stubby noses of two Spandau machine guns sprouted from its head, which was as big as a smokehouse.

Before tonight Alek had piloted only unarmed runabouts and four-legged training corvettes. Even with his sixteenth birthday almost here, Mother always insisted that he was too young for war machines.



“STEALING AWAY.”

“I’m supposed to pilot that?” Alek heard his own voice break. “My old runabout wouldn’t come up to its knee!”

Otto Klopp’s gloved hand patted his shoulder heavily. “Don’t worry, young Mozart. I’ll be at your side.”

Count Volger called up to the machine, and its engines rumbled to life, the ground trembling under Alek’s feet. Moonlight shivered from the wet leaves in the camouflage nets draped over the Stormwalker, and the mutter of nervous horses came from the stable.

The belly hatch swung open and a chain ladder tumbled out, unrolling as it fell. Count Volger stilled it from swinging, then planted a boot on the lowermost metal rung to hold it steady.

“Young master, if you please.”

Alek stared up at the machine. He tried to imagine guiding this monster through the darkness, crushing trees, buildings, and anything else unlucky enough to be in his path.

Otto Klopp leaned closer. “Your father the archduke has thrown us a challenge, me and you. He wants you ready to pilot any machine in the House Guard, even in the middle of the night.”

Alek swallowed. Father always said that, with war on the horizon, everyone in the household had to be prepared. And it made sense to begin training while Mother was away. If Alek crashed the walker, the worst bruises might fade before the princess Sophie returned.

But Alek still hesitated. The belly hatch of the rumbling machine looked like the jaws of some giant predator bending down to take a bite.

“Of course, we cannot force you, Your Serene Highness,” Count Volger said, amusement in his voice. “We can always explain to your father that you were too scared.”

“I’m not scared.” Alek grabbed the ladder and hoisted himself up. The sawtooth rungs gripped his gloves as Alek climbed past the anti-boarding spikes arrayed along the walker’s belly. He crawled into the machine’s dark maw, the smell of kerosene and sweat filling his nose, the engines’ rhythm trembling in his bones.

“Welcome aboard, Your Highness,” a voice said. Two men waited in the gunners’ cabin, steel helmets glittering. A Stormwalker carried a crew of five, Alek recalled. This wasn’t some little three-man runabout. He almost forgot to return their salutes.

Count Volger was close behind him on the ladder, so Alek kept climbing up into the command cabin. He took the pilot’s seat, strapping himself in as Klopp and Volger followed.

He placed his hands on the saunters, feeling the machine’s awesome power trembling in his fingers. Strange to think that these two small levers could control the walker’s huge metal legs.

“Vision at full,” Klopp said, cranking the viewport open as wide as it would go. The cool night air spilled into the Stormwalker’s cabin, and moonlight fell across dozens of switches and levers.

The four-legged corvette he’d piloted the month before had needed only control saunters, a fuel gauge, and a compass. But now uncountable needles were arrayed before him, shivering like nervous whiskers.

What were they all for?

He pulled his eyes from the controls and stared through the viewport. The distance to the ground gave him a queasy feeling, like peering down from a hayloft with thoughts of jumping.

The edge of the forest loomed only twenty meters away. Did they really expect him to pilot this machine through those dense trees and tangled roots … at night?

“At your pleasure, young master,” Count Volger said, sounding bored already.

Alek set his jaw, resolving not to provide the man with any more amusement. He eased the saunters forward, and the huge Daimler engines changed pitch as steel gears bit, grinding into motion.

The Stormwalker rose from its crouch slowly, the ground slipping still farther away. Alek could see across the treetops now, all the way to shimmering Prague.

He pulled the left saunter back and pushed the right forward. The machine lumbered into motion with an inhumanly large step, pressing him back into the pilot’s seat.

The right pedal rose a little as the walker’s foot hit soft ground, nudging Alek’s boot. He twisted at the saunters, transferring weight from one foot to the other. The cabin swayed like a tree house in a high wind, lurching back and forth with each giant step. A chorus of hissing came from the engines below, gauges dancing as the Stormwalker’s pneumatic joints strained against the machine’s weight.

“Good … excellent,” Otto muttered from the commander’s seat. “Watch your knee pressure, though.”

Alek dared a glance down at the controls, but had no idea what Master Klopp was talking about. Knee pressure? How could anyone keep track of all those needles without driving the whole contraption into a tree?

“Better,” the man said a few steps later. Alek nodded dumbly, overjoyed that he hadn’t tipped them over yet.

Already the forest was looming up, filling the wide-open viewport with a dark tangle of shapes. The first glistening branches swept past, thwacking at the viewport, spattering Alek with cold showers of dew.

“Shouldn’t we spark up the running lights?” he asked.

Klopp shook his head. “Remember, young master? We’re pretending we don’t want to be spotted.”

“Revolting way to travel,” Volger muttered, and Alek wondered again why the man was here. Was there to be a fencing lesson after this? What sort of warrior-Mozart was his father trying to make him into?

The shriek of grinding gears filled the cabin. The left pedal snapped up against Alek’s foot, and the whole machine tipped ominously forward.

“You’re caught, young master!” Otto said, hands ready to snatch the saunters away.

“I know!” Alek cried, twisting at the controls. He slammed the machine’s right foot down midstride, its knee joint spitting air like a train whistle. The Stormwalker wavered drunkenly for a moment, threatening to fall. But long seconds later Alek felt the machine’s weight settle into the moss and dirt. It was balanced with one foot stretching back, like a fencer posing after a lunge.

He pushed on both saunters, the left leg pulling at whatever had entangled it, the right straining forward. The Daimler engines groaned, and metal joints hissed. Finally a shudder passed through the cabin, along with the satisfying sound of roots tearing from the ground— the Stormwalker rising up. It stood high for a moment, like a chicken on one leg, then stepped forward again.

Alek’s shaking hands guided the walker through its next few strides.

“Well done, young master!” Otto cried. He clapped his hands once.

“Thank you, Klopp,” Alek said in a dry voice, feeling sweat trickle down his face. His hands clenched the saunters tight, but the machine was walking smoothly again.

Gradually he forgot that he was at the controls, feeling the steps as if they were his own. The sway of the cabin settled into his body, the rhythms of gears and pneumatics not so different from his runabout’s, only louder. Alek had even begun to see patterns in the flickering needles of the control panel—a few leapt into the red with every footfall, easing back as the walker straightened. Knee pressure, indeed.

But the sheer power of the machine kept him anxious. Heat from the engines built in the cabin, the night air blowing in like cold fingers. Alek tried to imagine what piloting would be like in battle, with the viewport half shut against flying bullets and shrapnel.

Finally the pine branches cleared before them, and Klopp said, “Turn here and we’ll have better footing, young master.”

“Isn’t this one of Mother’s riding paths?” Alek said. “She’ll have my hide if we track it up!” Whenever one of Princess Sophie’s horses stumbled on a walker footprint, Master Klopp, Alek, and even Father felt her wrath for days.

But he eased back on the throttle, grateful for a moment of rest, bringing the Stormwalker to a halt on the trail. Inside his piloting jacket Alek was soaked with sweat.

“Disagreeable in every way, Your Highness,” Volger said. “But necessary if we’re to make good time tonight.”

Alek turned to Otto Klopp and frowned. “Make good time? But this is just practice. We’re not going anywhere, are we?”

Klopp didn’t answer, his eyes glancing up at the count. Alek pulled his hands from the saunters and swiveled the pilot’s chair around.

“Volger, what’s going on?”

The wildcount stared down at him in silence, and Alek felt suddenly very alone out here in the darkness.

His mind began to replay his father’s warnings: How some nobles believed that Alek’s muddled lineage threatened the empire. That one day the insults might turn into something worse… .

But these men couldn’t be traitors. Volger had held a sword to his throat a thousand times in fencing practice, and his master of mechaniks? Unthinkable.

“Where are we going, Otto? Explain this at once.”

“You’re to come with us, Your Highness,” Otto Klopp said softly.

“We have to get as far away from Prague as possible,” Volger said. “Your father’s orders.”

“But my father isn’t even …” Alek gritted his teeth and swore. What a fool he’d been, tempted into the forest with tales of midnight piloting, like luring a child with candy. The whole household was asleep, his parents away in Sarajevo.

Alek’s arms were still tired from fighting to keep the Stormwalker upright, and strapped into the pilot’s chair he could hardly draw his knife. He closed his eyes—he’d left the weapon back in his room, under the pillow.

“The archduke left instructions,” Count Volger said.

“You’re lying!” Alek shouted.

“I wish we were, young master.” Volger reached into his riding jacket.

A surge of panic swept into Alek, cutting through his despair. His hands shot to the unfamiliar controls, searching for the distress whistle’s cord. They couldn’t be far from home yet. Surely someone would hear the Stormwalker’s shriek.

Otto jumped into motion, grabbing Alek’s arms. Volger swept a flask from his jacket and forced its open mouth to Alek’s face. A sweet smell filled the cabin, sending his mind spinning. He tried not to breathe, struggling against the larger men.

Then his fingers found the distress cord and pulled—

But Master Klopp’s hands were already at the controls, spilling the Stormwalker’s pneumatic pressure. The whistle let out only a miserable descending wail, like a teakettle pulled from the fire.

Alek still struggled, holding his breath for what felt like minutes, but finally his lungs rebelled. He scooped in a ragged breath, the sharp scent of chemicals filling his head …

A cascade of bright spots fell across the instruments, and a weight seemed to lift from Alek’s shoulders. He felt as though he were floating free of the men’s grasp, free of the seat straps—free of gravity, even.

“My father will have your heads,” he managed to croak.

“Alas not, Your Highness,” Count Volger said. “Your parents are both dead, murdered this night in Sarajevo.”

Alek tried to laugh at this absurd statement, but the world twisted sideways under him, darkness and silence crashing down.

Reading Group Guide

A Reading Group Guide to

The Leviathan Trilogy
By Scott Westerfeld


About the Trilogy

It is the cusp of World War I. The Austro-Hungarians and Germans have their Clankers, steam-driven iron machines loaded with guns and ammunition. The British Darwinists employ genetically fabricated animals as their weaponry. Their Leviathan is a whale airship and the most masterful beast in the British fleet. In this striking, futuristic rendition of an alternate past where machines are pitted against genetically modified beasts, Aleksandar Ferdinand, a Clanker, and Deryn Sharp, a Darwinist, are on opposite sides in the war. But their paths cross in the most unexpected way, and together they embark on an around-the-world adventure, one that will change both their lives forever.

In addition to the three novels, there is The Manual of Aeronautics, a lavishly illustrated, full-color companion. The Manual of Aeronautics is a guide to the inner workings of the Darwinist and Clanker powers. Loaded with detailed descriptions and elaborate illustrations of Darwinist beasties and Clanker walkers, weapons, transport, and uniforms, this manual highlights the international powers that Deryn and Alek encounter throughout their around-the-world adventures. This guide draws back the curtain and reveals the inner depths of Westerfeld’s fascinating alternative world.

Book 1: Leviathan

About the Novel

Prince Aleksander, would-be heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, is on the run. His own people have turned on him. His title is worthless. All he has is a battle-torn war machine and a loyal crew of men. Deryn Sharp is a commoner disguised as a boy in the British Air Service. She’s a brilliant airman. But her secret is in constant danger of being discovered. With World War I brewing, Alek’s and Deryn’s paths cross in the most unexpected ways, taking them on a fantastical, around-the-world adventure that will change both their lives forever.

Prereading Activities

1. The Leviathan trilogy is an example of steampunk. Some students may be unfamiliar with steampunk, or they may have read stories or seen films that fit the category but do not realize it. Here is a brief description:

Steampunk is a literary genre or sub-genre of science fiction that features steam-powered machinery inspired by the industrialized Western civilization during the nineteenth century. Such machinery may be fictional like those found in this series by Scott Westerfeld, or in the works of H. G. Wells. See http://www.steampunk.com/what-is-steampunk/ and http://steampunkscholar.blogspot.com/ for further background information and to learn more about Steampunk. Some terms cited in the story will likely be unfamiliar to most readers. Ask readers to use reference books or electronic research sources to find out as much information as they can about the following: boffin, bulbous, emissary, fortnight, iridescent, Luddite, propaganda, skulduggery, solidarity, sustenance, translucent, and tremulous.

2. Have students work in small groups to research and present a multimedia presentation on the causes of World War I.

Discussion Questions

1. What is Alek doing at the opening of the story that foreshadows events to come?

2. Why does Alek sleep with a knife under his pillow?

3. What kind of relationship does Alek have with Count Volger and Otto Klopp?

4. What was Alek warned of by his father?

5. What shocking news does Count Volger share with Alek?

6. What is Deryn Sharp’s “mad scheme”?

7. Why are Monkey Luddites afraid of Darwinist beasties?

8. What is unique about the Huxley ascender?

9. Why does Alek refuse to believe his parents are dead? How does Count Volger convince him?

10. What kind of airship is the Leviathan? Why was it fabricated?

11. Why does Count Volger tell Alek he matters more than anyone he knows? How did Alek’s father prepare for the coming war?

12. Why does Alek resent the way Count Volger treats him?

13. What does Alek come to appreciate about his men?

14. What is Alek’s inheritance?

15. How does Deryn convince the Leviathan’s officers to make her a temporary middy on the ship?

16. What does Deryn enjoy most about the bosun’s lectures?

17. Why do fabrications make Midshipman Newkirk nervous?

18. How does Deryn feel about Newkirk’s war talk?

19. Why does Alek doubt the headlines he sees in the newspapers about Europe’s solidarity against Serbia?

20. Who does the Leviathan take aboard as a passenger, and what is its destination?

21. What does it mean that the Leviathan is “aerostatic”?

22. Why is Deryn sent to meet Dr. Barlow?

23. What is Dr. Barlow’s unusual traveling companion?

24. What is Deryn concerned that Dr. Barlow might do?

25. What prevents Alek and the Stormwalker from reaching Switzerland?

26. What does Alek do with his saber?

27. What role do bees have on the Leviathan?

28. Where does Count Volger take Alek?

29. What secrets does Count Volger reveal to Alek at the castle?

30. What is Alek’s reaction to the sight of the Leviathan?

31. What awful stories had Alek heard about Darwinist creations?

32. Under what circumstances do Alek and Deryn meet?

33. Why does Alek say it was “madness to try to cross the gulf between his world and theirs”?

34. How does Alek react when he discovers he is inside an animal? What do Dr. Barlow and Dylan think of his reaction?

35. How is hydrogen for the Leviathan produced?

36. Why is Alek surprised about the Leviathan heading for the Ottoman Empire?

Postreading Activities

1. Have students work in small groups to research the following references in the novel and share their findings with the rest of the class: Balkan Wars, battles of Nelson, Charles Darwin, DNA, theories of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Aldous Huxley, Maxim gun, thylacine, and Zeppelins.

2. Look at the map of Europe by Keith Thompson and discuss its symbolism.

3. Create a chronology of events from the story.

4. List what animals are mentioned in the novel and describe their role and/or impact in the story.

5. Compose an acrostic poem describing Darwinist or Clanker.

6. Create a crossword or word search puzzle based on animals, beasties, characters, events, and machines in the novel. See http://www.discoveryeducation.com/free-puzzlemaker/ and http://www.crosswordpuzzlegames.com/.

7. Illustrate a favorite incident or scene from the novel.

8. Retell a favorite episode from the novel in your own words.

9. Create a WANTED poster for Alek.

10. Design a map of Deryn’s and Alek’s respective journeys with captions and images highlighting important events.

11. Identify three problems in the story and explain how they are resolved.

12. Write a “How to” guide for an activity depicted in the story, such as running in a Walker or riding safely in a Huxley.

13. If you included yourself in the story, who would you be? Why?

14. Create thumbnail sketches of characters from Leviathan, including both physical and character traits. Label the character traits you attribute by citing dialogue or events from the story.

15. Write a brief essay in which you explain the differences between Clanker and Darwinist societies.


Book 2: Behemoth

About the Novel

The Behemoth is the fiercest creature in the British navy. It can swallow enemy battleships with one bite. The Darwinists will need it, now that they are at war with the Clanker Powers. Deryn is a girl posing as a boy in the British Air Service, and Alek is the heir to an empire posing as a commoner. Finally together aboard the airship Leviathan, they hope to bring the war to a halt. But when disaster strikes the Leviathan's peacekeeping mission, they find themselves alone and hunted in enemy territory. Alek and Deryn will need great skill, new allies, and brave hearts to face what’s ahead.

Prereading Activities

1. Some terms cited in the story will likely be unfamiliar to most readers. Ask readers to use reference books or electronic research sources to find out as much information as they can about the following: amenable, automaton, colonnade, conspicuous, countenance, halberd, imperious, impertinence, improvisation, keelhaul, luminous, maelstrom, malady, nascent, parley, perspicacious, primordial, scimitar, sinuous, surreptitious, translucent, tumult, undulating, vitriolic, voluminous, and wan.

2. Have students work in small groups to research and present a multimedia presentation on the major conflicts that occurred in one of the World War I theaters of engagement: Africa, Middle East, Eastern Front, Pacific, and Western Front. Students should cite all sources consulted.

Discussion Questions

1. What does Deryn observe about Alek when they are fencing?

2. Why does Deryn think it is unfair to think of Alek as an enemy?

3. Why does Alek have reservations about joining in the attack on the ironclads?

4. What are the fléchette bats?

5. In what way is the Leviathan an ecosystem?

6. What new weapon does Klopp see the ironclad armed with? What can the weapon do?

7. What is the “diplomatic ruckus” that the Leviathan is sent to Constantinople to sort out?

8. What bad news does Captain Hobbes share with Alek? How do Alek and Volger respond to the news?

9. What is Deryn’s impression of Constantinople?

10. According to Dr. Barlow, how are the Ottomans different from other Clankers?

11. In what way are Americans an “odd bunch”?

12. What is “the biggest story in Istanbul”?

13. What does Alek see hatch in the machine room? How is his reaction to it different from other Darwinist creatures?

14. What is Dr. Barlow’s explanation of a behemoth?

15. What prompts Dr. Barlow to gasp in horror in the sultan’s throne room?

16. What offer does Dr. Barlow make to the sultan that shocks Deryn?

17. Why does Alek decide to talk to Malone?

18. Who is Zaven and what group is he a part of?

19. What is important about the Dardanelles Strait?

20. Why does Deryn feel like more of a spy than a soldier?

21. In what way is the Orient Express “a strange crossbreed of Ottoman and German design”?

22. Why is Deryn suspicious of Bovril?

23. Why does Dylan disagree with Alek’s idea of telling the Committee of the new developments?

24. What is Lilit’s plan to destroy the Tesla cannon?

25. Why does Deryn find it “hardest of all . . . being so close to Alek, while still hiding from him”?

26. What does Volger’s news of the pope’s death mean for Alek’s plans?

Postreading Activities

1. Have students work in small groups to research the following references in the novel and share their findings with the rest of the class: Winston Churchill, Constantinople, Dardanelles, Gallipoli Campaign, Gibraltar, Guy Fawkes Day, Orient Express, Ottoman Empire, Suez Canal, Nikola Tesla, Young Turks. Students should cite all sources consulted.

2. Look at the map by Keith Thompson and discuss its symbolism. How do the images reflect events in the story?

3. Create a chronology of events from the story.

4. Have students use atlases or globes to locate the places where events in the story occur.

5. Illustrate a favorite incident or scene from the novel.

6. Retell a favorite episode from the novel in your own words.

7. Design a front-page newspaper story chronicling one of the major events in this novel.

8. Write a letter as if you were Deryn to her brother describing some of her adventures.

9. Write a couple of paragraphs in which you predict what will happen in the next novel concluding the trilogy, Goliath.


Book 3: Goliath

About the Novel

Alek and Deryn are on the last leg of their round-the-world quest to end World War I, reclaim Alek’s throne as prince of Austria, and finally fall in love. The first two objectives are complicated by the fact that their ship, the Leviathan, continues to detour farther away from the heart of the war and crown. Falling in love would be much easier if Alek knew Deryn was a girl, and if they weren’t technically enemies. The tension thickens as the Leviathan steams toward New York City with a homicidal lunatic on board. Secrets suddenly unravel, characters reappear, and nothing is as it seems in this thunderous conclusion to Scott Westerfeld’s brilliant trilogy.

Prereading Activities

1. Some terms cited in the story will likely be unfamiliar to most readers. Ask readers to use reference books or electronic research sources to find out as much information as they can about the following: apparatus, ballast, capacitor, disreputable, epaulettes, ferrous, Herculean, inundation, mayhem, phantasmal, precarious, presumptuous, sextant, subterfuge, torrent, truncheon, and yackum.

2. Have students work in small groups to research and present a multimedia presentation on the outcomes of World War I. Students should cite all sources consulted.

Discussion Questions

1. Why do the Leviathan’s officers still see Alek and his men as little better than prisoners? Why does he feel like “deadweight”?

2. Why does the appearance of the imperial message eagle give Alek a feeling of hope?

3. What is Alek’s reaction to the sight of the eagle?

4. Why does Alek wish he had stayed in Istanbul?

5. What does the two-headed eagle symbolize?

6. Why does Deryn not want Count Volger to reveal her secret to Alek?

7. Why is the Leviathan heading for Tsingtao?

8. What more is there to the lorises than meets the eye?

9. Who does Deryn discover in the fallen forest?

10. What does Tesla reveal to Deryn about the wrecked airship? How does Deryn react to what he says?

11. Is Tesla able to repulse the bears?

12. What are some things Tesla invented? Why is it significant that he is a Serb?

13. What kind of weapon is Goliath?

14. What is the mysterious object Deryn discovers? Why is it important to Tesla’s invention?

15. What is Alek’s reaction to finding out Deryn is a girl? What does he finally realize about her?

16. How does Alek react to Tesla’s confidence that his weapon will stop the war?

17. How is the United States, as “another half-Darwinist, half-Clanker country,” different from Japan?

18. Why does Deryn think it wasn’t fair of her to kiss Alek?

19. What is Mr. Hearst’s treachery?

20. How does Alek help Deryn keep her secret?

21. Why does Alek choose not to say anything about Deryn to Eddie Malone?

22. What does Lilit reveal to Deryn about the Ottoman Republic?

23. Why was it planned that the last water-walker should be destroyed only after making landfall?

24. How does Alek stop Tesla from firing Goliath?

25. How is Tesla proved to be a fraud? How does his death help shorten the war?

26. Why do you think Alek renounces his claim to the throne and takes a position with The London Zoological Society?

Postreading Activities

1. Have students work in small groups to research the following references in the novel and share their findings with the rest of the class: Divine Right, Empire of Japan, William Randolph Hearst, Emperor Maximilian, Kokichi Mikimoto, The Perils of Pauline, Commodore Perry, Pinkertons, Joseph Pulitzer, Russo-Japanese War, Siberia, Sakichi Toyoda, Tsingtao, Tunguska, Pancho Villa, Vladivostok, Woodrow Wilson, and U-boat. Students should cite all sources consulted.

2. Look at the map by Keith Thompson and discuss its symbolism. How do the images relate to events in the story?

3. Create a chronology of events from the story.

4. Illustrate a favorite incident or scene from the novel.

5. Retell a favorite episode from the novel in your own words.

6. The First World War is known for the first use of barbed wire and many new weapons, including airplanes, dirigibles, long range artillery, flamethrowers, grenades, machine guns, poison gas, submarines, and tanks. In pairs or small groups, use online and print resources to research and report who invented these weapons, how they were developed, and how they were used in World War I. Identify examples of how these weapons are incorporated into the Darwinist beasties and Clanker machines in the Leviathan novels and The Manual of Aeronautics.

7. Create a model of one of the Clanker’s machine monsters. Use The Manual of Aeronautics as a reference guide.

8. Design your own Darwinist beastie or Clanker machine that can be included in The Manual of Aeronautics.

9. Have each student communicate a brief message to be deciphered by the class using the Huxley Semaphore as referenced in The Manual of Aeronautics.

10. Write an alternate ending to the novel or a chapter that continues the story.

11. Create a sale advertisement for one of the Clanker machines. Use The Manual of Aeronautics as a reference.

12. Create a board game based upon the Leviathan books. Look at the games Axis & Allies, Diplomacy, and Risk as models for your own game.

About the Author

Scott Westerfeld is the author of the Leviathan series, the first book of which was the winner of the 2010 Locus Award for Best Young Adult Fiction. His other novels include the New York Times bestselling Uglies series, The Last Days, Peeps, So Yesterday, and the Midnighters trilogy. Visit him at ScottWesterfeld.com or follow him on Twitter at @ScottWesterfeld.

About the Illustrator

Keith Thompson’s work has appeared in books, magazines, TV, video games, and films. See his work at KeithThompsonArt.com.

Recommended Web Sites

The Art of Leviathan, Part I: An Interview with Scott Westerfeld
http://www.tor.com/blogs/2009/10/the-art-of-leviathan-a-conversation-with-scott-westerfeld-and-kieth-thompson

The Art of Leviathan, Part II: An Interview with Keith Thompson
http://www.tor.com/blogs/2009/10/the-art-of-levathan-prt-two-interview-with-keith-thompson

Leviathan Wiki
http://leviathanscottwesterfeld.wikia.com/wiki/Leviathan_Wiki

Keith Thompson Art
http://www.keiththompsonart.com/

Scott Westerfeld
http://scottwesterfeld.com/

Suggested Further Reading on World War I

Fiction
Lawrence, Iain. Lord of the Nutcracker Men. Delacorte, 2001.
Morpurgo, Michael. Private Peaceful. Scholastic, 2004.
Remarque, Erich Maria. All Quiet on the Western Front. Little, Brown, 1929.
Slade, Arthur.Megiddo's Shadow. Wendy Lamb/Random House, 2006.
Spillebeen, Geert. Kipling's Choice. Trans. Terese Edelstein. Houghton Mifflin, 2005.
Spillebeen, Geert. Age 14. Trans. Terese Edelstein. Houghton Mifflin, 2009.
Trumbo, Dalton. Johnny Got His Gun. J. B. Lippincott, 1939.

Nonfiction
Adams, Simon. World War I (Eyewitness Books). DK, 2007.
Batten, Jack. The War to End All Wars: The Story of World War I. Tundra, 2009
Brocklehurst, Ruth. Usborne Introduction to the First World War. Usborne, 2007.
Freedman, Russell. The War to End All Wars: World War I. Clarion,
Granfield, Linda. In Flanders Fields: The Story of the Poem by John McCrae. Illus. Janet Wilson. Doubleday, 1996.
v Granfield, Linda. Where Poppies Grow: A World War I Companion. Fitzhenry & Whiteside, 2001.
Murphy, Jim. Truce: The Day the Soldiers Stopped Fighting. Scholastic, 2009.
Myers, Walter Dean and Bill Miles. The Harlem Hellfighters: When Pride Met Courage. Amistad/Harper Collins, 2005.


This guide was written by Edward T. Sullivan, a librarian and writer.

This guide, written to align with the Common Core State Standards (www.corestandards.org) has been provided by Simon & Schuster for classroom, library, and reading group use. It may be reproduced in its entirety or excerpted for these purposes.

About The Author

Photo Credit:

Scott Westerfeld is the author of the Leviathan series, the first book of which was the winner of the 2010 Locus Award for Best Young Adult Fiction. His other novels include the New York Times bestseller Afterworlds, the worldwide bestselling Uglies series, The Last DaysPeepsSo Yesterday, and the Midnighters trilogy. Visit him at ScottWesterfeld.com or follow him on Twitter at @ScottWesterfeld.

About The Illustrator

Keith Thompson’s work has appeared in books, magazines, TV, video games, and films. See his work at KeithThompsonArt.com.

Product Details

  • Publisher: Simon Pulse (August 10, 2010)
  • Length: 464 pages
  • ISBN13: 9781416971740
  • Grades: 7 and up
  • Ages: 12 - 99
  • Lexile ® 790

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Awards and Honors

  • School Library Journal Best Books of the Year
  • ALA Notable Children's Books
  • CCBC Choices (Cooperative Children's Book Council)
  • Kentucky Bluegrass Award Master List
  • South Carolina Book Award Nominee
  • ALA Best Books For Young Adults
  • ILA Young Adults' Choices
  • Grand Canyon Reader Award Nominee (AZ)
  • Garden State Teen Book Award Nominee (NJ)
  • Rhode Island Teen Book Award Nominee
  • Capitol Choices List (DC)
  • Texas Lone Star Reading List
  • Rebecca Caudill Award Master List (IL)
  • Westchester's Choice
  • Pacific Northwest Young Reader's Choice Award Master List
  • Volunteer State Book Award Master List (TN)
  • Land of Enchantment Children's Master List (NM)
  • Buckeye Children's Book Award Nominee (OH)
  • Locus Magazine Best Fantasy Novel Of the Year
  • Texas Tayshas Reading List
  • Kirkus Best Young Adult Book
  • Bank Street Best Books of the Year - with Outstanding Merit
  • Isinglass Teen Read List Selection
  • ALA Notable Children's Recording
  • ALA/YALSA Teens' Top Ten - NOMINEE
  • Pennsylvania Reader's Choice Award Nominee
  • ALA Popular Paperbacks for Young Adults (Top Ten)

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More books from this author: Scott Westerfeld

More books from this illustrator: Keith Thompson

More books in this series: The Leviathan Trilogy